Validation of an algorithm for measurement of sedentary behaviour in community-dwelling older adults

Posted by Khalid Abdul Jabbar on 7 January 2024

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 Abdul Jabbar K, Sarvestan J, Zia Ur Rehman R, Lord S, Kerse N, Teh R, Del Din S. Validation of an Algorithm for Measurement of Sedentary Behaviour in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. 2023;23(10) doi: 10.3390/s23104605

Header for publication - Validation of an algorithm for measurement of sedentary behaviour in community-dwelling older adults

Abstract: Accurate measurement of sedentary behaviour in older adults is informative and relevant. Yet, activities such as sitting are not accurately distinguished from non-sedentary activities (e.g., upright activities), especially in real-world conditions. This study examines the accuracy of a novel algorithm to identify sitting, lying, and upright activities in community-dwelling older people in real-world conditions. Eighteen older adults wore a single triaxial accelerometer with an onboard tri-axial gyroscope on their lower back and performed a range of scripted and non-scripted activities in their homes/retirement villages whilst being videoed. A novel algorithm was developed to identify sitting, lying, and upright activities. The algorithm’s sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for identifying scripted sitting activities ranged from 76.9% to 94.8%. For scripted lying activities: 70.4% to 95.7%. For scripted upright activities: 75.9% to 93.1%. For non-scripted sitting activities: 92.3% to 99.5%. No non-scripted lying activities were captured. For non-scripted upright activities: 94.3% to 99.5%. The algorithm could, at worst, overestimate or underestimate sedentary behaviour bouts by ±40 s, which is within a 5% error for sedentary behaviour bouts. These results indicate good to excellent agreement for the novel algorithm, providing a valid measure of sedentary behaviour in community-dwelling older adults.


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